Home remedies of Mustard
Seeds contain about 20 to 25% of oil. An essential oil is produced by the action of water.
Whole plant possesses bitter, aperients and tonic properties. Oil is stimulate and counter-irritant. “A hot mustard bath is an emmenagogue.”1
“ This common Indian mustard is largely employed medically along with black mustard (brassica nigra).”2 Mustard oil is extracted from seeds is used as an external stimulate application in chest affections especially of children. It is also used for culinary purpose as a chief ingredient of the “phodni” or spiced boiled oil used to flavor most curries and vegetables.”3
Oil combined with camphor forms an efficacious embrocation in muscular rheumatism, stiff neck etc. “mustard poultice of the seeds powdered and mixed with hot water or cold water forms an efficient counter-irritant application, i.e., as a blister in many inflammatory neuralgic affections, in abdominal colic and obstinate vomiting. In no case the plaster should be in contact with the skin for more than ten minutes.”4 Seeds are also used in curries and relishes. A tablespoonful or more of the powdered seeds mixed with water is given as an emetic in cases of drunkenness or in cases of poisoning and when it is desired to empty the stomach without causing depression of the system. In cases of dengue fever also it is used with much benefit. Leaves and green pods are eaten as vegetables.
Home remedies with Barley
Constituents in Barley
Fixed oil or fat, starch, protied compound (gluten albumin), cellulose, other nitrogenous principles and ash containing silicic acid, phosphoric acid , iron and lime. Fixed oil or fat contains glycerin mixed with palmitic and lauric acids. Hypoxanthine (Sarcine) is found to occur in this cereal. Church, in his “food Grains of India” gives the following analysis of barley (clean):–Water 12.5; Albuminoids 11.5; starch 70.0; fat 1.3 fibres 2.6; Ash 2.1 p, c. respectively. As—5.5 mg. In 100 g dry and 50 mg. in 100g.fresh plant.
Java is nutritive; seed or grain is demulcent. Decoction of seeds is a bitter tonic and astringent.
Barley imported from Europe is specially suitable as a nutritious invalid’s food. Decoction of barley (made by boiling 2 ½ ounces of pearl barley or a tablespoonful of the powder in 4 pints of water down to 2 pints and strained) though containing only a little over a ½ % of nutriment, is an agreeable demulcent in affections of the mucous membranes, in catarrhs of throat and urinary tract and an excellent diluents drink in fevers. It may be rendered more pleasant and useful as a fever drink by the addition of sugar and a little of lemon juice and straining.
If milk is added, lemon juice should not be added. Medicated or simply barley-gruel, which is diuretic, is a good diet in simple mucous and chronic diarrhoea and in fistula in and when there is no fever. In puerperal (sutika) diarrhoea, barley-gruel mixed with soup of meat, masur or vegetable according to indications is prescribed. If a laxative is required, the compound decoction prepared as follows, may be given:-Sliced figs and stoned raisins, of each 2 ½ ounces; bruised liquorices root 4 drachms, water 1 pint; barley water as above, 2 pints; boil down to a quart and strain. For cases of irritation of bladder the demulcent properties of either of the above formulas may be increased by the addition of an ounce of gum Arabic to each pint of the liquor.
As a food for infants brought up by hand, simple barley water and barley water and milk, in equal proportions, sweetened with a little refined sugar, has been recommended; care should be taken to stop it if the bowels should become relaxed. Dr. Pereira says that barley is rather laxative and hence not suited to such as suffer from relaxation of the bowels. For general use, country-raised barley is superior to ‘pearl’,’ pot’ and other kinds imported from Europe, because it is fresh. A barley pudding good for invalids may be made as follows:–Add to four tablespoonfuls of Prepared Barley powder sufficient cold milk to form a thin paste, pour on it a quart of boiling milk, then add a little butter, a table-spoonful of powdered lump sugar, sufficient lemon peel to flavor it, and two eggs previously well beaten up; Mix well and let the whole bake for an hour and a half in a slow oven. This is very nutritious and easy if digestion. It may be rendered more palatable by the addition of a slice or two of lemon. The grain, though compared with wheat is poor in gluten, is very nutritious and like wheat contains a large proportion of the nitrogen and other nutritive principles and the Greeks trained their athletes on it. Barley as a bread-corn for un leavened cakes is used in scot-land. The partially germinated and dried grain is the source of malt extract which is more nutritious than the unmalted barley Malt extract consists chiefly of dextrin and malt sugar (maltose) and contains the ferment diastase which is developed during the malting process and which possesses the power of converting starch into dextrin and sugar, thus assisting in the digestion of starchy or farinaceous foods. It is a valuable vehicle for other medicines especially cod-liver oil, with which it forms a palatable combination. “Bombay barley is occasionally used in making the ready cooked food called satuche pith (mahrathi) or barley flour which is made after parching the grain and is made into little dough balls with water and eaten. (Bombay govt. Agari: Dept. bulletin). Java or yava is used as conjee. “Barley grain is a good feed for both horses and cattle, eaten given alone or mixed with gram. The straw of even ripe barley is a fairly good fodder when cut up as ‘bhusa’ but is inferior to that of wheat.”